How should fire dampers be installed?
It is important to remember that even though the fire damper you purchase is CE marked, in order to perform a compliant installation it must be installed as advised by the manufacturer in their published installation documents. Any deviation from a manufacturer’s published installation method could render the installation non-compliant, and therefore technically illegal. It is also important to remember that different manufacturers’ installation methods may vary. Fire damper inspection and testing Inspection and periodic testing of fire dampers is an important task all building owners must undertake. Insurance companies are waking up to the importance of fire dampers, and in the event of a fire may refuse to pay out any claims if proof of regular inspection and testing cannot be provided. BS 9999 states that fire dampers should be inspected and tested at least once per year.EN 15650 goes further, stating that intervals should not exceed 6 months.Instructions for how to inspect and maintain fire dampers are advised by manufacturers in their published documentation. Get in touch with any questions If you have any questions about the installation of fire dampers, please do not hesitate to contact HVC today.Fire Dampers Questions
What is a fire damper?
According to EN 15650:2010, the European standard which governs fire dampers, a fire damper is ‘a device to be used in conjunction with partitions to maintain fire compartments in heating, ventilating and air conditioning installations.’ Simply, they are devices that act to maintain the integrity of a fire compartment, during a fire, at locations where air ductwork penetrates through the partitions defining that compartment. How does a fire damper work? Fire dampers almost universally consist of: A frame One or more moveable blades An actuation device, e.g. springs or specialised actuators A thermal release mechanism During normal operation the thermal release mechanism holds the actuation device (and therefore the blades) in an open position, thus allowing airflow through the duct to which the damper is fitted. Upon experiencing a trigger condition, e.g. the temperature inside the duct exceeding the thermal release mechanism’s rated temperature or loss of power to the actuator, the thermal release mechanism releases, permitting the actuation device to quickly move the blades to a closed position. At this stage, the duct is shut down, and the integrity of the fire compartment maintained. What standards are relevant to fire dampers? On the 1st of July 2013 in the UK, it became mandatory under the Construction Products Regulation that all fire dampers were to be CE marked to indicate compliance with the requirements set out in EN 15650:2010, which contains the basic performance requirements for fire dampers. This document also makes reference to EN 1366-2 which defines the furnace testing associated with these products, and EN 13501-3, which provides details on their fire resistance classification.These three documents together define almost everything relating to what a fire damper is, how it is tested and how to classify its performance in order to permit both meaningful comparisons between different models, and verification that any chosen model is suitable for the installation in which it is to be used.Also of particular relevance are: EN 15882-2– Commonly referred to as EXAP, this standard defines how to treat any variations pertaining to the construction of a fire damper or its installation, in relation to how it was originally tested. EN 1751 - Defines how to test the aerodynamic properties of fire dampers, specifically blade leakage, case leakage and resistance to airflow. ISO 21925-1 (Annex C) – Describes the testing required for thermal release mechanisms. EN 60068-2-52 – Environmental testing (salt spray). Get in touch for more information If you have any questions about fire dampers, please do not hesitate to contact HVC Supplies today.Diffuser Questions
What size hole do I need to cut for my grille, diffuser or louvre?
The same as the nominal. Unless stated otherwise and in the vast majority of cases, the size you give us will be taken to be the nominal, i.e. the size of the aperture into which you will be fitting the grille, diffuser or louvre. From this size HVC shall deduct a tolerance, permitting the neck of the unit to fit into the hole comfortably. This tolerance is normally between 9 – 15mm, however, does vary by product type, therefore please download the specific product PDF for further details. There are notable exceptions to the above: Series CD ceiling diffusers are normally specified by their neck size, not their nominal. However, you should still cut any holes into which CDs are to be fitted to the nominal. This also applies to Series SFCD and LFCD circular diffusers. The nominal size of dampers will normally refer to the ductwork size they are to suit, not to any aperture size. Got more questions about grilles, diffusers or louvre? get in touch If you have any more questions about grilles, diffusers or louvres, please do not hesitate to contact HVC Supplies today. Our dedicated customer service team will be more than happy to answer any queries.